The Agricultural Economics Research Program at MARC is organized, following the new revision of the organizational structure in EIAR, as independent research organ with the dual responsibility to the Agricultural economics directorate of EIAR and MARC since 2017.


The agricultural economics research of MARC aims at improving primarily the internal efficiency of the research system to develop appropriate technologies by availing much needed data and information on the priorities and challenges of agricultural producers in general and smallholder farmers in particular by conducting diagnostic surveys, assessing the profitability and social desirability of new technologies as well as estimating the uptake and impact of technologies widely disseminated technologies in the face of the ever changing agricultural system.


The general and specific objectives of agricultural economics research the projects at MARC



General objectives

Specific objectives


Production EconomicsResearch for Agricultural Investment and Smallholder Agriculture

§to clarify the concepts and interplay of agricultural production costs, output response to inputs and the use of resources to maximize profit and/or minimize the cost and guide a successful business that can contribute to thefulfillmentof the national agricultural development goals

§Study and document input-output relationships (the cost and benefit) of production for priority agricultural commodities under small-scale and commercial farm conditions; and

§Study and document the productivity and resource use efficiency of production for priority agricultural commodities under small-holder farmer conditions.


Farming Systems Practices and Dynamismin moisture- stress and irrigated agriculture systems of Ethiopia

to characterize the dynamism of the major farming systems of moisture-stressed and irrigated agro-ecologies


a)Characterize the interrelationships and dynamism of integrated farming system components across agro-ecologies;

b)Assess availability, accessibility, affordability and trends of technologies and practices;

c)Investigate adaptation and coping mechanisms, mitigation and extent of resilience of the farming households to climate change;

d)Identify and prioritize major bottlenecks limiting further agricultural production and productivity;


Value Chain Dynamicsof High Value Agricultural Commodities

to assess the performance of the value chains of high value agricultural commodities along with challenges and opportunities

a)Identification and mapping of chain actors, potential markets, potential production areas, functions and their relationships;

b)Assessment of the market demand and supply, price-scheduling mechanisms, and market determinant factors for prioritized commodities;

c)Documentation of challenges and opportunities to empower respective value chains for mutual benefit of all chain actors


Adoption and Impact of Improved Agricultural Technologiesfor research, extension and policy making decisions

to gain a deeper understanding of the level of use of improved technologies of key agricultural commodities and their impact on raising productivity and improving food security of smallholder farmers in MARC mandate areas

Estimate the level of adoption of improved crop and livestock technologies among smallholder farmers;


Understand the technology adoption decision behaviour of smallholder farmers; and


Generate evidence on the socioeconomic impacts of adoption of improved technologies and practices.



Over the last 17 years, more than 40 agricultural and cropping systems’ efficiency related, independent and collaborative, research outputs have been published by the agricultural economists of MARC in different Books, Journals, Proceedings, Research reports and Short communication. The outputs generally focused on farmers’ perceptions and adaptation to climate change, food security, marketing and commercialization of specific agricultural commodities, smallholder farmers’ technology adoption and decision making, land allocation, access to information, impact of technologies and farm practices, local seed multiplication and seed management.



The focus of the Agricultural Economics Research Process of MARC for 2010 EC (2017/2018) is largely on implementing seven ongoing research projects and four new activities that are categorized as cross-cutting (initiated internally by the agricultural economics team) and collaborative (initiated by other national case teams).


Summary of current activities (Year 2017/8)


Research area/projects

No. of activities



Production economics


Central Rift Valley (maize-based system, vegetables), national (sorghum, common beans)


Farming systems dynamics


Central Rift Valley


Value chain analysis


Central Rift Valley (tomato, agro-chemicals, dairy) and SNNP (mango)


Adoption and impact


National (sorghum, irrigation); Central Rift Valley (maize-bean system)



In the future the research process wants to intensify its research activities in the four major projects in moisture- stress and irrigated agriculture systems of Ethiopia. Also it aims at activities to improve the external efficiency of research. Ways and means of raising the utilization of new and emerging agricultural technologies among the end users of research products will be focused.




Adam Bekele (PhD),

Program Coordinator, Agricultural Economics Research Program, MARC

Tel.: +25122 225 0287

Mob.:+25191 165 9789

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.